Pornography is worst than zina

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A beautiful story for all to read :

The Dirty Laundry

A young couple moved into a new neighborhood.

The next morning, while they are eating breakfast, the young
woman watches her neighbour hang the washed laundry outside.

“That laundry is not very clean”, she said, “she doesn’t know how to wash correctly.

Perhaps she needs better laundry soap.”

Her husband looked on, but remained silent.

Every time her neighbour would hang her washed clothes to dry, the young woman would make the same comments.

About one month later, the woman was surprised to see a nice clean wash on the line and said to her husband:

“Look! She has learnt how to wash correctly.

I wonder who taught her this.”

The husband said: “I got up early this morning and cleaned our windows!”

And so it is with life:

What we see when we are watching others, depends on the purity of the window through which we look.

Our life is a creation of our mind !!!

Celebration of Wedding Anniversaries and Birthdays

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

The celebration of wedding anniversaries and birthdays is the way of disbelievers.

Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Salam) stated one who imitates a nation is from them.[1] 

Almighty Allah commands us in His Quran to obey His Messenger (Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Salam).[2]

 The Difference : 

There are major differences between the thinking of muslims and the non-muslims. The life of a non-muslim is confined to the pleasures and the luxuries of this world. A non-muslim is not concerned regarding the hearafter. Enjoyment, celebration etc. are the absolute objectives of their lives. The true purpose of their life has been forfeited. There remains nothing for the non-muslims in the hearafter.

Contrary to that, while we as muslims mark happy occasions, that is not the end of it. Our greatest concern is the hearafter. True happiness and pleasure can only be achieved in the hearafter.

When one completes a year of his life, that is a great bounty of Allah. It is a moment of happiness. For that, one should thank Allah and ask Allah for a long life span and barakah (blessings) in his life. This is how we should celebrate our birthdays. The happiness during ones birthday should not be expressed like the customary birthday celebrations in which there is only entertainment and merry. The prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam has mentioned in a Hadith:

(مَنْ تَشَبَّهَ بِقَوْمٍ فَهُوَ مِنْهُمْسنن أبي داود (4/ 44)

(“Whosoever emulates a nation is amongst them.” (Sunan Abi Dawud 4/4 ” 

Let us examine the origin of birthdays:

 Development of Calendars[i]

Early people had no way of keeping track and marking time except by the moon, sun or by some important event. Little attention was paid to the anniversary of a person’s birth. Everyone realized, of course, that people grew older as time passed; but they didn’t mark any special milestone for it. Only when ancient people began taking notice of the moon’s cycles, did they pay attention to the changing seasons and the pattern that repeated itself over and over and so they began to mark and note time changes. That’s the beginning of birthday in history. Eventually, the first calendars were formulated in order to mark time changes and other special days. From this tracking system, came the ability to celebrate birthdays and other significant anniversaries the same day each year.

 
 Birthday History

History of Birthday observance can be traced back before the rise of Christianity. Birthday celebrations began as a form of protection. In pagan culture, it was believed that evil spirits visited people on their birthdays. To protect the person from the evil effects, friends and family members used to surround him and make merry. Giving gifts brought even more good cheer to ward off the evil spirits. A lot of noise used to be created in such parties to scare away the evil spirits. In those times, there was no tradition of bringing gifts and the guests who attended the birthday parties would bring good wishes for the birthday person. However, if a guest did bring gifts, it was considered to be a good sign. Later, flowers became quite popular as a Birthday gift.

Popular Birthday Celebrations in History
  • Best known birthday in the history is that of Jesus Christ. For nearly 2,000 years since the birth of Jesus in Bethlehem, Christians have been honoring the day as Christmas.
  • About 4,000 years ago King Pharaoh used to celebrate his birthday by giving a feast to his court followers.
  • King Herod is said to have celebrated his birthday by treating lords, high captains and special friends with a special supper party in Galiliee.

Common people and especially children never celebrated their birth when the idea came about. This trend has been explained by a theory that noble ones were the only people wealthy enough to throw such celebrations, and quite possibly were the only ones thought to be important enough to have been written about or remembered. Some historians believe that these early birthday bashes resulted in the custom of wearing birthday “crowns” as time went on.

 

History of Popular Birthday Traditions and Symbols
Many of the popular Birthday traditions and symbols that we see today, originated hundreds of years ago. Some believe that the tradition of “Birthday Cake” was started by early Greeks who used to take a round or a moon shaped cake to the temple of Artemis (the Goddess of Moon). Others believe that the custom of Birthday cake initiated in Germany where people used to make bread in the shape of baby Jesus’s swaddling cloth.

The popular custom of lighting candles on cakes is said to have originated from the Greeks since they used to light candles on the cake taken to Artemis to make it glow like a moon. Some believe that the custom originated from a religious belief that the gods lived in the sky and the lighted candles helped in sending signals or prayers to the god. Germans are said to have placed a big candle in the center of the cake to symbolize ‘the light of life’. Even today people make silent wishes as they blow out candles. It is believed that blowing out all candles in one breath brings good luck.

More in birthday history:

The song “Happy Birthday to You” was composed by two sisters, Mildred and Patty Hill, in 1893, but nobody really paid much attention to it until the original words “Good Morning to You” were changed to “Happy Birthday to You”, words that are sung in virtually every home across the world at least once a the year.[ii]

 
As muslims, we should endeavor to follow the lunar calendar as two tenets of Islam are based on the lunar calendar. Ramadan falls on the 9th month of the lunar calendar. Haj is performed in Zil-Hijjah which is the 12th month of the lunar calendar. Eid-ul-Fitr falls in Shawaal, the beginning of the 10th month of the lunar calendar. The calculation of Zakāt in 1 year will be calculated according to the lunar calendar and not the solar 1 year. The determination of a person’s age is according to the lunar calendar. When a child reaches the age of 15 years, according to the lunar calendar, he will be considered bāligh (mature) and obliged to adhere to the laws of Shari’āh. This is approximately 6 months earlier than the solar calendar since the lunar calendar is about 10-11 days shorter than the solar calendar.
 

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Mawlana Abdul Hannan Nizami,
Student Darul Iftaa
USA

 

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.
www.daruliftaa.net

 


[1] 4031 – حَدَّثَنَا عُثْمَانُ بْنُ أَبِي شَيْبَةَ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو النَّضْرِ، حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنُ ثَابِتٍ، حَدَّثَنَا حَسَّانُ بْنُ عَطِيَّةَ، عَنْ أَبِي مُنِيبٍ الْجُرَشِيِّ، عَنِ ابْنِ عُمَرَ، قَالَ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ: «مَنْ تَشَبَّهَ بِقَوْمٍ فَهُوَ مِنْهُمْ»

 سنن أبي داود (4 / 44):

[2] {يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا أَطِيعُوا اللَّهَ وَأَطِيعُوا الرَّسُولَ وَأُولِي الْأَمْرِ مِنْكُمْ فَإِنْ تَنَازَعْتُمْ فِي شَيْءٍ فَرُدُّوهُ إِلَى اللَّهِ وَالرَّسُولِ إِنْ كُنْتُمْ تُؤْمِنُونَ بِاللَّهِ وَالْيَوْمِ الْآخِرِ ذَلِكَ خَيْرٌ وَأَحْسَنُ تَأْوِيلًا (59)} [النساء: 59]

MUS’AB IBN `UMAIR

Ps when reading add (Raziallahu anhu) where ever the name of Mus’ ab (raz) comes, and Sallalahualihiwassalam where the name Muhammed (saw) comes ..  
            

              The First Envoy of Islam

This man among the Companions of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), how good it is for us to start with him. He was the flower of the Quraish, the most handsome and youthful! Historians and narrators describe him as “The most charming of the Makkans”.He was born and brought up in wealth, and he grew up with its luxuries.Perhaps there was no boy in Makkah who was pampered by his parents like Mus`ab lbn `Umair. This mirthful youth, caressed and pampered, the talk of the ladiesof Makkah, the jewel of its clubs and assemblies: is it possible for him to be one of the legends of faith?

By Allah, how interesting a tale, the story of Mus`ab Ibn `Umair or Mus`ab the Good, as he was nicknamed among the Muslims! He was one of those made by Islam and fostered by the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH).But who was he? His story is a pride of all mankind. The youth heard one day what the people of Makkah had begun to hear about Muhammad the Truthful,that Allah had sent him as bearer of glad tidings and a warner to call them to the worship of Allah the One God. When Makkah slept and awoke there was no other talk but the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) and his religion, and this spoiled boy was one of the most attentive listeners.That was because, although he was young, the flower of clubs and assemblies,the outward appearance of wisdom and common sense were among the traits of Mus`ab.He heard that the Prophet (PBUH) and those who believed in him were meeting far away from the dignitaries and great men of the Quraish at As-safaa in the house of Al-Arqam lbn Al-Arqam daar Al-Arqam. He wasted no time. He went one night to the Daar Al Arqam, yearning and anxious. There, the Prophet(PBUH) was meeting his Companions, reciting the Qur’aan to them and praying with them to Allah the Most Exalted. Mus`ab had hardly taken his seat and contemplated the verses of Qur’aan recited by the Prophet (PBUH) when his heart became the promised heart that night.The pleasure almost flung him from his seat as he was filled with a wild ecstasy. But the Prophet(PBUH) patted his throbbing heart with his blessed right hand, and the silence of the ocean’s depth filled his heart. In the twinkling of an eye, the youth who had just become Muslim appeared to have more wisdom than his age and a determination that would change the course of time! Mus`ab’s mother was Khunaas Bint Maalik, and people feared her almost to the point of terror because she possessed a strong personality. When Mus`ab became a Muslim, he was neither careful before nor afraid of anyone on the face of the earth except his mother. Even if Makkah, with all its idols,nobles,and deserts were to challenge him, he would stand up to it. As for a dispute with his mother, this was an impossible horror, so he thought quickly and decided to keep his Islam secret until Allah willed. He continued to frequent Daar Al-Arqam and take lessons from the Prophet (PBUH). He was satisfied with his faith and avoided the anger of his mother, who had no knowledge of his embracing Islam.However, Makkah at that time kept no secret, for the eyes and ears of the Quraish were everywhere,very alert and checking every footprint in its hotsands. Once, `Uthmaan Ibn Taihah saw him steadily entering alarkam’s house,then he saw him a second time praying the prayer like Muhammad. No sooner had he seen him than he ran quickly with the news to Mus`ab’s mother, who was astonished by it.Mus`ab stood before his mother, the people, and the nobles of Makkah who assembled around him,telling them the irrefutable truth and reciting the Qur’aan with which the Prophet (PBUH) cleansed their hearts and filled them with honor, wisdom, justice, and piety. His mother aimed a heavy blow at him, but the hand which was meant as an arrow soon succumbed to the powerful light which increased the radiance of his face with innocent glory because it demanded respect with its quiet confidence. However,his mother, under the pressure of her motherliness, spared him the beating and the pain, althoug to hit was within her power to avenge her gods whom he had abandoned. Instead she took him to a rough corner of her house and shut him in it. She put shackles on him and imprisoned him there until he heard the news of the emigration of some of the believers to Abyssinia. He thought to himself and was able to delude his mother and his guards, and so escaped to Abyssinia.There he stayed in Abyssinia with his fellow emigrants and then returned with them to Makkah. He also emigrated to Abyssinia for the second time with the Companions whom the Prophet (PBUH)advised to emigrate and they obeyed.But whether Mus`ab was in Abyssinia or Makkah, the experience of his faith proclaimed itself in all places and at all times.Mus’ab became confident that his life had become good enough to be offered as a sacrifice to the Supreme Originator and great Creator. He went out oneday to some Muslims while they were sitting around the Prophet (PBUH) , and no sooner did they see him than they lowered their heads and shed some tears because they saw him wearing worn out garments. They were accustomed to his former appearance before he had become a Muslim, when his clothes had been like garden flowers, elegant and fragrant.The Prophet (PBUH) saw him with the eyes of wisdom, thankful and loving,and his lips smiled gracefully as he said, “I saw Mus`ab here, and there was no youth in Makkah more petted by his parents than he. Then he abandoned all that for the love of Allah and His Prophet!”His mother had withheld from him all the luxury he had been over whelmed by, when she could not return him to her religion. She refused to let anyone who had abandoned their gods eat of her food, even if he was her son. Her last connection with him was when she tried to imprison him for a second time after his return from Abyssinia, and he swore that if she did that,he would kill all those who came to her aid to lock him up. She knew the truth of his determination when he was intent and decided to do something,and so she bade him good bye weeping.The parting moment revealed a strange adherence to infidelity on the part of his mother, and the greater adherence to faith on the part of her son.When she said to him, while turning him out of her house, “Go away, I am no longer your mother,” he went close to her and said, “O mother, I am advising you and my heart is with you, please bear witness that there is no god but Allah and that Muhammad is His servant and messenger.” She replied to him,angrily raging, “By the stars, I will never enter your religion, to degrade my status and weaken my senses!”So Mus`ab left the great luxury in which he had been living. He became satisfied with a hard life he had never seen before, wearing the roughest clothes,eating one day and going hungry another. This spirit, which was grounded in the strongest faith, adorned with the light of Allah, made him another man,one who appeals to the eyes of other great souls.While he was in this state, the Prophet (PBUH) commissioned him with the greatest mission of his life, which was to be his envoy to Al-Madiinah. His mission was to instruct the Ansaar who believed in the Prophet (PBUH) and had pledged their allegiance to him at `Aqabah, to call others to Islam,and to prepare Al-Madiinah for the day of the great Hijrah. There were among the Companions of the Prophet(PBUH) at that time others who were older than Mus`ab and more prominent and nearer to the Prophet(PBUH) by family relations.But the Prophet (PBUH) chose Mus`ab the Good, knowing that he was entrusting to him the most important task of that time, putting into his hands the destiny of Islam at Al-Madiinah. The radiant city of Al-Madiinah was destined to be the home of Hijrah, the springboard of Islamic preachers and the liberators of the future. Mus`ab was equal to the task and trust which Allah had given him and he was equipped with an excellent mind and noble character. He won the hearts of the Madinites with his piety, uprightness and sincerity. And so they embraced the religion of Allah in flocks. At the time the Prophet(PBUH) sent him there, only twelve Muslims had pledged allegiance to the Prophet (PBUH) at the Pledge of `Aqabah. He had hardly completed a few months when they answered to the call of Allah and the Prophet (PBUH). During the next pilgrimage season, the Madinite Muslims sent a delegation of 70 believing men and women to Makkah to meet the Prophet (PBUH).They came with their teacher and their Prophet’s envoy, Mus`ab Ibn `Umair.Mus`ab had proven, by his good sense and excellence, that the Prophet (PBUH)knew well how to choose his envoys and teachers.Mus’ab had understood his mission well. He knew that he was a caller to Allah and preacher of His religion, which calls people to right guidanceand the straight path. Like the Prophet (PBUH) in whom he believed, he was no more than a deliverer of the message. There he stood fast, with As`ad Ibn Zoraara his host, and both of them used to visit the tribes, dwellings,and assemblies, reciting to the people what they had of the Book of Allah,instilling in them that Allah is no more than One God.He had confronted certain instances which could have put an end to his life and that of those with him but for his active, intelligent, great mind. Oneday, he was taken by surprise while preaching to the people to find Usaid lbn hudair, leader of the `Abd Al-Ashhal tribe, at Al-Madiinah confronting him with a drawn arrow.He was raging with anger and animosity against the one who had come to corrupt the religion of his people by telling them to abandon their gods and talking to them about the idea of only One God Whom they did not know before and had never heard of. Their gods were to them the center of their worship.Whenever any of them needed them, he knew their places. They would invoket hem for help. That was how they thought and imagined! As for the God of Muhammad(saw), to whom this envoy was calling, nobody knew His place, nor could anybody see Him! When the Muslims who were sitting around Mus`ab, saw Usaid lbn hudair advancing in his unbridled anger, they were frightened, but Mus`ab the Good stood firm. Usaid stood before him and As`ad lbn Zoraarah shouting, “What brought you here? Are you coming to corrupt our faith? Go away if you wish to be saved!”And like the calmness of the sea and its force, Mus`ab started his fine speech saying, “Won’t you sit down and listen? If you like our cause, you can accept; and if you dislike it, we will spare you of what you hate.”Allah is the Greatest! How grand an opening whose ending would be pleasant!Usaid was a thoughtful and clever man, and here he saw Mus`ab inviting him to listen and no more. If he was convinced he would accept it, and if he was not convinced, then Mus`ab would leave his neighborhood and his clan,and move to another neighborhood without harm, nor being harmed. There and then Usaid answered him saying, “Well, that is fair,” and he dropped his arrow to the ground and sat down listening.Mus`ab had hardly read the Qur’aan, explaining the mission with which Muhammad lbn `Abd Allah(PBUH) came, when the conscience of Usaid began to dear and brighten and change with the effectiveness of the words. He became over whelmedby its beauty. When Mus`ab finished speaking,Usaid lbn Hudair exclaimed to him and those with him, “How beautiful is this speech, and how true!How can one enter this religion?” Mus`ab told him to purify his body and clothes and say, “I bear witness that there is no god but Allah.” Usaid retired for some time and then returned pouring clean water on his head and standing there proclaiming, “I bear witness that there is no god but Allah, and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah.”The news spread like lightning and then Sa`d Ibn Mu`aadh came and listened to Mus`ab, and he was convinced and embraced Islam. Then came Sa`d lbn `Ubaadah.There and then blessings came with their entering Islam. The people of Al-Madiinah came together asking one another, “If Usaid lbn Hudair, Sa`d Ibn Mu`aadh and Sa`d Ibn `Ubaadah have embraced Islam, what are we waiting for? Go straight to Mus`ab and believe. By Allah, he is calling us to the truth and the straight path!”The first envoy of the Prophet (PBUH) succeeded without comparison. It was a success which he deserved and to which he was equal.The days and years passed by. The Prophet (PBUH) and his Companions emigrated to Al-Madiinah,and the Quraish were raging with envy and their un godly pursuit after the pious worshippers. So the Battle of Badr took place, in which they were taught a lesson and lost their strong hold. After that they prepared themselves for revenge, and thus came the Battle of Uhud. The Muslims mobilized themselves,and the Prophet (PBUH) stood in their midst to sort out among their faithful faces and to choose one to bear the standard. He then calledf or Mus`ab the Good, and he advanced and carried the standard.The terrible battle was raging, the fighting furious. The archers disregarded the orders of the Prophet(PBUH) by leaving their positions on the mountain when they saw the polytheists withdrawing as if defeated. But this act of theirs soon turned the victory of the Muslims to defeat. The Muslims were taken at unawares by the cavalry of the Quraish at the mountain top, and many Muslims were killed by the swords of the polytheists as a consequence.When they saw the confusion and horror splitting the ranks of the Muslims,the polytheists concentrated on the Prophet of Allah to finish him off. Mus`ab saw the impending threat, so he raised the standard high, shouting, “AllahuAkbar! Allah is the Greatest!” like the roar of a lion. He turned and jumped left and right, fighting and killing the foe. All he wanted was to draw the attention of the enemy to himself in order to turn their attention away from the Prophet (PBUH). He thus became as a whole army in himself. Nay, Mus`ab went alone to fight as if he were an army of giants raising the standard (Meaning flag) in sanctity with one hand, striking with his sword with the other. But the enemies were multiplying on him. They wanted to step on his corpse so that they could find the Prophet (PBUH).Let us allow a living witness to describe for us the last scene of Mus`ab the Great. Ibn Sa`d said: Ibraahiim lbn Muhammad lbn Sharhabiil Al-‘Abdriyrelated from his father, who said: Mus`ab lbn`Umair carried the standard on the Day of Uhud. When the Muslims were scattered, he stood fast until he met lbn Qumaah who was a knight. He struck him on his right hand and cut it off, but Mus`ab said, “and Muhammad is but a Messenger. Messengers have passed away before him ” (3:144). He carried the standard with his left hand and leaned on it. He struck his left hand and cut it off, and so he leaned on the standard and held it with his upper arms to his chest, all the while saying, “And Muhammad is but a Messenger. Messengers have passed away before him”. Then a third one struck him with his spear, and the spear went through him. Mus`ab fell and then the standard.Nay, the cream of martyrdom had fallen! He fell after he had struggled for the sake of Allah in the great battle of sacrifice and faith. He had thought that if he fell, he would be a stepping stone to the death of the Prophet(PBUH) because he would be without defense and protection. But he put himselfin harm’s way for the sake of the Prophet (PBUH). overpowered by his fear for him and love of him, he continued to say with every sword stroke that fell on him from the foe, “and Muhammad is but a Messenger. Messengers have passed away before him “(3:144). This verse was revealed later, after he had spoken it. After the bitter battle, they found the corpse of the upright martyr lying with his face in the dust, as if he feared to look while harm fell on the Prophet (PBUH). So he hid his face so that he would avoid the scene.Or perhaps, he was shy when he fell as a martyr, before making sure of the safety of the Prophet of Allah, and before serving to the very end, guarding and protecting him.Allah is with you, O Mus`ab! What a great life story!The Prophet (PBUH) and his Companions came to inspect the scene of the battle and bid farewell to its martyrs. Pausing at Mus`ab’s body, tears dripped from the Prophet’s eyes. Khabbaab lbn Al-Arat narrated: We emigrated with the Prophet (PBUH) for Allah’s cause, so our reward became due with Allah.Some of us passed away without enjoying anything in this life of his reward,and one of them was Mus`ab Ibn`Umair, who was martyred on the Day of Uhud.He did not leave behind anything except a sheet of shredded woolen cloth.If we covered his head with it, his feet were uncovered, and if we covered his feet with it, his head was uncovered. The Prophet (PBUH) said to us,”Cover his head with it and put lemon grass over his feet.”Despite the deep, sad pain which the Prophet (PBUH) suffered over the lossof his uncle Hamzah and the mutilation of his corpse by the polytheists in a manner that drew tears from the Prophet (PBUH)and broke his heart; despite the fact that the field of battle was littered with the corpses of his Companions,all of whom represented the peak of truth, piety and enlightenment; despite all this, he stood at the corpse of his first envoy, bidding him farewell and weeping bitterly. Nay, the Prophet(PBUH) stood at the remains of Mus`ab lbn `Umair saying, while his eyes were flowing with tears, love and loyalty,”Among the believers are men who have been true to their covenant with Allah” (33:23).Then he gave a sad look at the garment in which he was shrouded and said,”I saw you at Makkah,and there was not a more precious jewel, nor more distinguished one than you, and here you are bareheaded in a garment!” Then the Prophet(PBUH) looked at all the martyrs in the battlefield and said,”The Prophet of Allah witnesses that you are martyrs to Allah on the Day of Resurrection.”Then he gathered his living Companions around him and said, “O people, visit them, come to them, and salute them. By Allah, no Muslim will salute them but that they will salute him in return.”Peace be on you, O Mus`ab. Peace be on you, O Martyrs. Peace and blessings of Allah be upon you!

Note :- Mus’ ab bin Umair (Raz) was the prince of Makkah and look at his life and what he sacrificed for Allah and his messenger.  He was a youth with proper determination in life . May Allah give us guidance from his life and change our life towards the straight path .  Ameen

Virtues of first ten days of Zul-Hijjah(Updated)

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Virtues of first ten days of Zul-Hijjah

It is desirable for the one who will be sacrificing an animal for Qurbānī to avoid cutting their hair or nails until after the animal is slaughtered. Rasulullah salallahu alayhi wasallam said:“When the ten days (of Zul-Hijjah) begin and a person has an animal for sacrifice which he intends to slaughter, then let him not cut his hair or trim his nails.” (Muslim)Rasulullah salallahu alayhi wasallam said in another Hadith:“Whoever has an animal for slaughtering, once the crescent of Zul- Hijjah has been declared he should not cut his hair or trim his nails until he has sacrificed (the animal)” (Muslim)It is a recommended act due to the Hadīth. However, if one did cut his hair and/or nails during the first ten days of Zul-Hijjah before sacrificing, it will not affect the validity of making Qurbānī.

You have Tuesday(TODAY) to clip your nails and trim trim your hair

Allah-Ta’aala has taken oath of the night in Suratul-Fajr of the Quraan.

Nabi (S.A.W) has said: “there is no better time to perform ibaadah(devotion) to Alaah that on the (first) ten days of Zul Hijjah. A Days fast in it, equals the fast of a year, and a nights Ibaadah in it, equals the Ibaadah of Laylatul Qadr”.- Tirmizi Ibn Majah.

According to the majority, the ten nights are those of the ten days of Zul-Hijjah, especially the ninth, which is the day of Arafah and night preceeding the eid day. All these days are filled with special virtues.The observance of the fast of the ninth of Zul-Hijjah is a atonement of the fast and concerning year, and to remain awake on the night of Eid and perform Ibaadah is a source of great virtue and thawaab.

Philosophy of Qurbani

By Mufti Taqi Usmani

The Urdu and Persian word “Qurbaani” is derived from the Arabic word ‘Qurban’. It means an act performed to seek nearness to Almighty Allah and to seek His good pleasure. Originally, the word ‘Qurban’ included all acts of charity because the purpose of charity is nothing but to seek Allah’s pleasure. But, in precise religious terminology, the word was later confined to the sacrifice of an animal slaughtered for the sake of Allah.

The sacrifice of an animal has always been treated as a recognised form of worship in all religious orders originating from a divine book. Even in pagan societies, the sacrifice of an animal is recognised as a form of worship, but it is done in the name of some idols and not in the name of Allah, a practice totally rejected by Islam.

In the Shariáh of our beloved Prophet (Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam) the sacrifice of an animal has been recognised as a form of worship only during three days of the month of Dhul Hijjah, namely the 10th, 11th and 12th of the month. This is to commemorate the unparalleled sacrifice offered by Prophet Sayyidina Ibrahim (Álayhis salaam) when he, in pursuance to a command of Allah conveyed to him in a dream, prepared himself to slaughter his beloved son Sayyidinah Ismail (Álayhis salaam) and actually did so, but Allah Almighty, after testing the ultimate limits of his submission, sent down a sheep and saved his son from the logical fate of slaughter. It is from that time onwards that sacrifice of an animal became an obligatory duty to be performed by every well-to-do Muslim.

Qurbani is a demonstration to Allah and proof of complete obedience to Allah’s will or command. When a Muslim offers Qurbani, this exactly what he intends to prove. Thus, the Qurbani offered by a Muslim signifies that he is slave of Allah at his best and that he would not hesitate even for a moment, once he receives an absolute command from his Creator, to surrender before it, to obey it willingly, even it be at the price of his life and possessions. When a true and perfect Muslim receives such a command from Allah, his natural instincts stop him from indulging in the futile search for the reasoning behind the command; nor does he make his obedience dependent upon the command’s ‘reasonableness’ as perceived through his limited understanding. He knows that Allah is All-Knowing, All- Wise and that his own ability to reason cannot encompass the knowledge and wisdom underlying the divine command, even if he cannot find any reason or wisdom behind it.

This is exactly what the Prophet Ibrahim (Álayhis salaam) did. Apparently, there was no reason why a father should slaughter his innocent son. But, when came the command of Allah, he never asked about the reason for that command, nor did he hesitate to obey it. Even his minor son, when asked by his father about the dream he had seen, never questioned the legitimacy of the command, nor did he pine or whine about it, nor did he ask for one good reason why he was being slaughtered. The one only response he made was:

“Father, do what you have been ordered to do. You shall find me, God willing, among the patient”.

The present-day Qurbani is offered in memory of this great model of submission set before us by the great father and the great son. Qurbani must be offered in our time emulating the same ideal and attitude of submission.

This then is the true philosophy of Qurbani. With this in mind, one can easily unveil the fallacy of those who raise objections against Qurbani on the basis of economic calculations and lounge statistics and make it out to be a wastage of money, resource and livestock. Unable to see beyond mundane benefits, they cannot understand the spirit Islam wants to implant and nourish among its followers, the spirit of total submission to Allah’s will equips man with the most superior qualities so necessary to keep humanity in a state of lasting peace and welfare.

Qurbani is nothing but a powerful symbol of the required human conduct vis-à-vis the divine commands, however, “irrational” or “uneconomic” they may seem to be in their appearance. Thus, the distrustful quest for mundane economic benefits behind Qurbani is, in fact the negation of its real philosophy, and the very spirit underlying it.

No doubt, there are, in every form of worship ordained by Allah, certain worldly benefits too, but they are not the main purpose of these prescribed duties, nor should they be treated as preconditions to submission and obedience. All acts of worship, including Qurbani, must be carried out with the spirit of total submission to Allah, irrespective of their economic, social or political benefits. This is what Ibrahim (Álayhis salaam) did, and this is what every true Muslim is required to do.

WARNING FOR THOSE WHO IGNORE QURBANI

There is a Hadith from Hadhrat Abu Hurayra (Radhiallaahu Ánhu) that Rasulullah (Sallallahu-alayhi-wasallam) said, ‘That person who has the means of performing Qurbani but does not do so should not even come near the Eidgah (Place of Eid Salaat).

 

Source: Taken (with Thanks) from Jamiat KZN (SOUTH AFRICA)

Virtues of Qurbani

 


QURBANI IS A PRACTICE COMMANDED BY ALLAH (SWT):


So turn in prayer towards your Lord and sacrifice (animals). (108.2)

There is nothing dearer to Allah during the days of Qurbani than the sacrificing of animals. The sacrificed animal shall come on the Day of judgment with its horns, hair, and hooves (to be weighed). The sacrifice is accepted by Allah before the blood reaches the ground. Therefore sacrifice with an open and happy heart. (Tirmizi, Ibne Majah)

Zayd lbne Arqam radhiyallahu anhu relates that the Companions (radbiyallahu anhum) asked, “O Rasoolullah!(Sallallahu Alayhi Wasalaam)What is Qurbani?” He replied, “It is the sunnah of your father lbraheem (alayhis salam).” They asked again, “What benefit do we get from it?” He answered, “A reward for every hair (of the sacrificed animal).” “And (what reward is there for animals with) wool, 0 Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasalaam)?” they asked. “A reward”, he said, “for every fibre of the wool.”,(Ibne Majah)

When a person slaughters a Qurbani animal, he is forgiven at the fall of the first drop of blood, and verily, the animal shall be brought forward on the Day of Judgment with its blood, meat etc, and shall be increased in weight seventy times more than its own weight, and thereafter it will be placed on the scale of deeds. (Kanzul’Ummal)

ON WHOM IS QURBANI WAJIB?

Qurbani is wajib on every Muslim who is of sound mind, mature (who has reached the age of puberty), muqeem (i.e. he is not a Shar’ee traveler) and possesses the amount of fifty two and half tolas of silver (612-36 grams) or wealth equivalent to that value which is in excess of one’s aslee (basic) needs. It is not necessary that this amount be in one’s possession for a complete lunar year. It’s possession during the three days of Qurbani will make Qurbani obligatory. Qurbani is not incumbent on a child or an insane person whether they own wealth equivalent to the amount above or not, nor is it wajib upon their guardians to perform it on their behalf. Similarly, it is not wajib on a Shar’ee traveler.

NOTE: A Shar’ee traveler is he who goes on a journey with an intention of traveling forty eight miles. He will be treated as a traveler as soon as he goes out of his town.

It is highly virtuous for one on whom Qurbani is not wajib to offer sacrifice for the Pleasure of Allah. He will be eligible for all the reward mentioned in the Ahadeeth.

During the days of Qurbani, sadaqah and charity cannot compensate for Qurbani nor fulfil the wajib. Qurbani is a unique ibadah. Just as Zakah cannot compensate for Hajj, or Sawm (Fasting) cannot compensate for Salaat, similarly charity cannot compensate for Qurbani. However, if the days of Qurbani had passed, and the Qurbani was not offered due to not knowing, negligence or for some other valid reason, then it becomes wajib to give in sadaqah the price of Qurbani animal or the animal itself to the poor.

If a traveler returned home or a person acquired the required wealth on the 12th of Zul Hijjah before sunset, it will be wajib upon him to perform Qurbani.

A traveler who makes intention of staying at a certain place for fifteen days or more, no longer remains a traveler. He must offer Qurbani if he possesses the prescribed amount.

DAYS OF QURBANI

The days of Qurbani are the tenth, eleventh and twelfth of Zul Hijjah. The first day is better than the second, and the second better than the last.

TIME FOR QURBANI

In towns and cities where jumu’ah and ‘Eid are performed, Qurbani is not permissible before the ‘Eid Salat. If the Qurbani has been offered before the ‘Eid Salat, it will have to be repeated. Therefore, the time for Qurbani commences after ‘Eid Salat on 1Oth Zul Hijjah until before sunset of 12th Zul Hijjah.

It is permissible, but not preferable to perform Qurbani at night.

THE QURBANI ANIMAL

It is permissible to offer in sacrifice a goat or she-goat, sheep of all kinds, cow, bull, buffalo or camel.

It is necessary that the goat is one (full) year old, whether male or female. A cow, bull or buffalo will have to be two years old, and a camel five years. .Animals that are younger are not suitable for Qurbani.

A sheep (of any kind) not less than six months old, so strong and fat that it appears to be one year old will suffice for Qurbani, otherwise it will have to be one (full) year old.

A cow, bull, buffalo or camel will suffice for seven persons provided no one’s share is less than one seventh and the niyyah (intention) of all partners is to attain thawab (for Qurbani), and not merely to obtain meat.

The Qurbani of only one person can be performed from a goat, sheep or ram.

If an animal seller says that the animal has reached the required age, and outwardly there is no sign to disprove it, then it is permissible to rely on his statement.

Animals that are castrated can be used for Qurbani. In fact this type of animal is preferable.

THE FOLLOWING CANNOT BE USED FOR QURBANI

Animals that are blind, one-eyed or has lost one-third or more of its eyesight.

Animals that have lost a third of the ear or the tail. Similarly, the animal which has no ear from its very birth.

Animal whose horn has been broken off from the root.

Animal which has one leg lame to the extent that it walks on three legs only and is unable to use the fourth leg.

Animal so lean and thin that its bones have no marrow.

Animal so weak that it cannot walk to the place of slaughtering on its own.

Animal completely toothless or one that has lost most of its teeth.

It is virtuous to purchase the animal for Qurbani a few days prior to slaughtering and care must be taken in feeding and nursing it.

MASNOON METHOD OF SACRIFICE

It is more virtuous to slaughter the animal with one’s own hands. If one does not know how to slaughter, it is preferred that he remain present while someone else is sacrificing the animal. It is not necessary to make the niyyah (intention) of Qurbani with the tongue, however it is necessary to say Bismillahi Allahu Akbar when slaughtering.

Use a sharp knife and slaughter the animal quickly so that it does not suffer.

Do not sharpen the knife in front of the animal.

After slaughtering, do not skin the animal before it becomes completely cold.

Do not slaughter one animal in the presence of another.

It is mustahab (desirable) for one who intends to perform Qurbani to refrain from cutting hair or clipping nails from 1st Zul Hijjah to 10th Zul Hijjah,(i.e. until after Qurbani).

THE QURBANI MEAT AND SKIN

It is permissible to eat the Qurbani meat.

It can also be distributed to relatives and friends whether wealthy or poor, Muslims or non-Muslims.

It is better to divide it into three parts. One for the family, one for relatives and friends and one for the poor and needy.

The skin of the Qurbani animal can be kept for personal use, e.g. using it as a prayer-mat, water bag, etc.

If the skin of the Qurbani animal is sold, then it is wajib to give that amount in sadaqah to the poor (i.e. those who are eligible for Zakah).

It is not permissible to give meat, fat, etc. of the sacrificed animal to the butcher as his wages.

The meat of the animal slaughtered by partners should be shared by weight and not by estimation.

The rope, cover, etc. of the animal should be given away as sadaqah.

QURBANI ON BEHALF OF THE DECEASED

If one has been favoured by Allah with wealth, then he should also perform Qurbani on behalf of Rasoolullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam), his Sahabah, his Ummah, the Prophets and for his own living or deceased relatives, friends and teachers who have conveyed Deeni knowledge.

One should always remember and never overlook our beloved Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) and perform Qurbani on his behalf. Aboo Talhah ( radhiyallahu anhu) has related that the Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) sacrificed one ram and while sacrificing the other he said, “This is on behalf of every one of my Ummah who believed in me and testified (to my prophethood).” (Tabrani)

It is a matter for deep thought and consideration that the Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wasallam ) kept his Ummah in his mind while offering the sacrifice and it is deplorable for the Ummah not to remember him at the time of Qurbani.

Shaykh Muhammad Saleem Dhorat (IDAUK.ORG)

Source: Taken (with Thanks) from Jamiat KZN (South Africa)